Monday, February 14, 2011

Subhas Chandra Bose was born in a well-to-do Bengali family of Cuttack, Orissa,
on January 23, 1897. He was the ninth child of his advocate father Janakinath
Bose and mother Prabhavati Devi. The upright character of both of his parents
had a profound impact on the mental make-up of Bose. A brilliant student, Bose
completed his intial studies at a missionary English school in Cuttack and then
at the Ravenshaw Collegiate School there. It was his close contact with the
headmaster at the latter institution that filled him the idea of a free India.
In 1911, he topped the matriculation examination of Calcutta province and in
1918, passed with a B.A. degree in Philosophy from the Scottish Church College
of the University of Calcutta.

On his father's persuasion, Bose went to
England to appear in the Indian Civil Service (ICS) exams. Though he passed the
exams very well and was offered an ICS role, he resigned from it and came back
to Calcutta to establish the National College of which he became the

But the revolutionary inside Bose ever wanted to express
itself and it was his meeting with the great Bengali leader C.R. Das that
inspired him to fight for the freedom of the country. Mahatma Gandhi's famous
Khadi Movement greatly interested him and he began to sell "khadi" (cloth made
of homespun cotton) on the streets of Calcutta, an action that was seen as
anti-government and landed him in prison. He continued to work with the Congress
along with the Mahatma but the ideals of the latter slowly disillusioned him and
the condescending attitude of the Britishers towards the Congressmen frustrated
him and made him realize that only an organized armed struggle could overthrow
the British Government. He joined the National Volunteer Corps and later was
appointed as its Commander-in-Chief.

He also launched his own party, the
All India Forward Bloc.

At the outbreak of the Second World War, Netaji
(as Subhas Bose began to be called by his countrymen) undertook a perilous
journey by submarine and landed in Germany where he met up with Hitler and other Italian and Japanese leaders to seek their
assistance in his fight for India's freedom. He was ably supported. The great
leader waged a war against the British Government in India. His own outfit, the
Indian National Army (INA), fought bravely against the allied forces in Burma
and eastern front of India. Netaji's army captured several key posts and would
have made inroads to India but the monsoon crushed his plans. Lack of training,
inability to cope with the rain in the hills, inadequate ration supplies by
Japanese forces and many other factors forced the INA to retreat.

Officially, Bose died in a plane crash over Taiwan, while flying to
Tokyo on 18 August 1945. But the remains of his body was never recovered which
prompted the British Government to set up a commission to investigate his death.
The Inquiry Commission under Justice Mukherjee obtained clear information from
the Taiwanese Government that no plane crash was reported on the said date and
it also made it clear that the reported ashes of Netaji at the Renkoji temple is
not his. His mysterious disappearance further adds to the enigma that Netaji was
in his lifetime and the search for the great patriot is still on.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi...!!!

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in October 2, 1869 in a middle class
merchant(Bania/Vaishya) family at Porbandar in Kathiawar, Gujarat. His father
was Karamchand Gandhi, a Dewan or Prime Minister of Porbandar. His mother,
Putlibai, was a woman of a very pious nature. It was his mother whose peronality
and life influenced Gandhiji. She taught Gandhiji to speak the truth in every
sphere of life.

After finishing high school, Gandhiji joined the
Samaldas College in Bhavnagar. When his father died in 1885, he was only 18. It
was then that someone advised Ganhiji that he should go to England and come back
with a law degree if he was to improve his chance of getting his father's
position in the state service in Porbandar. In 1891, he came back to India armed
with the degree he set out to achieve in England. After an unsuccesful attempt
to set up his own legal practice, Gandhiji received an offer from Dada Abdulla
& Co. and set sail for South Africa on behalf of the company for a legal
matter. It was in south Africa that Gandhiji became what he was destined
to be. Deeply disturbed by the appalling treatment meted out to Indians by the
Britishers, Gandhiji decided to fight the discrimination against Indians. He
started to practice the ideals of Ahimsa (non-violence), Brahmacharya
(continence) and Satyagraha (fasting for a truthful cause). In 1914, his
struggle was rewarded when the South African Government entered into an
agreement with him and the main demands of the Indians were granted. This
success inspired Gandhiji to do something for his own nation. He came back to
India and founded a a place of religious retreat called Satyagraha Ashram in
Ahmedabad. His first movement in India was in Champaran, Bihar, where he voiced
the grievances of the many exploited poor peasants of that area. This compelled
the British Government in India to set up a inquiry to gauge the state of the
farmers and work for their betterment. The success in this campaign greatly
increased Gandhiji's stature in the eyes of millions of exploited. neglected and
impoverished Indians. soon Gandhiji began to be known as the "Mahatma" for his
great ideals and his adherence to them as well as for his untiring campaign
against the British. In 1921, Gandhji called his countrymen to take part in his
famous Non-cooperation movement against the British. The movement met with a
massive support from the Indian populace but a mob violence during this
camapaign in Chauri Chaura shocked Gandhiji to the extent that he called it off.
In 1930, he organised the famous "Dandi March" to oppose the British law that
deprived Indians to make their own salt. It led to the historic "Civil
Disobedience Movement" that saw thousands of Indian men and women defying the
British Goverment and being put to jail. In 1942, Gandhiji gave the call for the
historic "Quit India Movement" to indicate that the time of the Britishers was
up and they should leave India and the Indians for good. The great leader was
repeatedly thrown into prison for his protests but it could not break his will.
He also worked untiringly to unite Hindud and Muslims, abolish several
superstitions and better the hygiene of the poor people in different regions of
the country.

The drained resources of the British following the Second
World War and the rising discontent of Indians prompted the Britisg Government
to give India back to her own sons. On 15th August, 1947, India was declared to
be an independent nation but not before it was split up into two nations, India
and Pakistan. Some Hindu fundamentalists felt that the Mahatma shirked his
responsibility in stopping this division. One of them, Nathuram Godse, shot him
dead when Gandhiji was going for his evening prayers. The last words on his lips
were "Hey Ram".

Voice Of Freedom..!!!

Jawaharlal Nehru, gave this following speech as India's first Prime Minister to the Constituent Assembly in New Delhi at midnight on August 14, 1947. Though this speech is full of ideals and embellishments to inspire a nation, about to make a new beginning, it is historic and can be recognized as the first voice of Independent India. 

'Awake to freedom' "Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially.

At the stroke of midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, then an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment we take the pledge of dedication to India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.

At the dawn of history India started on her unending quest, and trackless centuries are filled with her striving and the grandeur of her successes and her failures. Through good and ill fortune alike she has never lost sight of that quest or forgotten the ideals which gave her strength. We end today a period of ill fortune and India discovers herself again.

The achievement we celebrate today is but a step, an opening of opportunity, to the greater triumphs and achievements that await us. Are we brave enough and wise enough to grasp this opportunity and accept the challenge of the future?

Freedom and power bring responsibility. That responsibility rests upon this assembly, a sovereign body representing the sovereign people of India. Before the birth of freedom we have endured all the pains of labour and our hearts are heavy with the memory of this sorrow. Some of those pains continue even now.

Nevertheless, the past is over and it is the future that beckons to us now.

That future is not one of ease or resting but of incessant striving so that we might fulfill the pledges we have so often taken and the one we shall take today. The service of India means the service of the millions who suffer. It means the ending of poverty and ignorance and disease and inequality of opportunity. The ambition of the greatest man of our generation has been to wipe every tear from every eye. That may be beyond us but so long as there are tears and suffering, so long our work will not be over.

And so we have to labor and to work, and work hard, to give reality to our dreams. Those dreams are for India, but they are also for the world, for all the nations and peoples are too closely knit together today for any one of them to imagines that it can live apart. Peace has been said to be indivisible, so is freedom, so is prosperity now, and so also is disaster in this one world that can no longer be split into isolated fragments.

To the people of India whose representatives we are, we make appeal to join us with faith and confidence in this great adventure. This is no time for petty and destructive criticism, no time for ill-will or blaming others. We have to build the noble mansion of free India where all her children may dwell."
-- Speech by Jawaharlal Nehru


The mystic aura of India and the enigma that she is
has captured the imagination and fancy of great minds. Take a look at what they
have to say about India.
"Where the mind is without fear
and the head is
held high;
Where knowledge is free;
Where the world has not been

broken up into fragments by
narrow domestic walls;
Where words come
out from
the depth of truth;
Where tireless striving stretches
arms towards perfection;
Where the clear stream of reason
has not lost
its way into the dreary
desert sand of dead habit;
Where the mind is
lead forward by thee
into ever-widening thought and action-
Into that
heaven of freedom, my Father,
let my country awake."

Rabindranath Tagore

Please Think Once...

Sunday, February 13, 2011

Indians, we should be proud that Obama realized what India is? But
d million dollar?n s dat y Indian students are still not realizing the
potential of India. A big shame being a child to India. vascodegama
came for trade n handed India to british Obama visted in the same way
for trade with india.and in turn Indians are turning as if like britishers
looting our economy from birth n investing the knowledge to other
When there are n number of best universities here,where
americans are cuming here to have their ms why don’t we realize?
srm,amritha,vit,saastra,barath,karunya,bits n many govt oriented
colgs are here.
By spending 4-15lakhsin u.s or any other countries and developing their
economy if we purchase the same ms seat in NRI qota here in indian
universities atleast they would improve standards n infrastructure n
even govt would get benefited as many more universities would come
into place.
India has got unity in diversity. Can we see the same unity in diversity
elsewhere in the world, the biggest democracy. Can we see different
languages ,cultres,castes,religions,races,attires,mode of living different
frm one galli to other,one mandal to other,one distrct to oether
district,one state to other state,can we see greenish villages,can we
see heavy traffic,can we see bazars like koti. We can only see ytish or
balkish with cots but not with different attires. Realize dudes n dudeens
We may go there ,we may have ambition that im crossing boarder
but after my masters il come back to my own country, but how many
Indians are back 98%addicts to the environ there .our Indian teachers
has taught us and we r using our talent n our money to develop other
countries’ economies.
If we think logically we are beating the womb of our mother India,
its better to earn 500 rs here mn live in a hut then earning high and
staying elsewhere.
I hope we ppl are acting as if like terrorists ,terrorists collapses
livelihood by putting bombs but we are acting terrorist by looting our
I hope u.s universities or their jobs r nothing but they are using Indians
as if like cheap labour, what u.s has done to aradio tags,how
was indian ambasidor treated at airport,how was sharukh treated just
becoz of having khan, how was external minster treated, shame to us.
Please my request to today Indians are rich but india is poor .it is
not only becoz of politicians even we are responsible. we the roots
n leaves are politicians today we are spoiling our country by going
to other countries if the roots(students) of a tree are well in turn
leaves(politicians) will be well n even the fruit(Indian economy) that is
out will also be the best 1.
We are behaving as if like terrorist using Indian money Indian culture
and developing other it apt? Think for a while getting a
master degree and living in ac bungalow with hand ful of us dollars
is not we have born .can we get a mental satisfaction by living in
u.s thinking that ur in india.we are dependent ova there,but we are
independent here. earn 5 rs on indian soil then earing 500dollars. Good
are bad lets take an initiative. if we do something to our country it will
do some thing to us. this is my message not only to the students who are
opting to go abroad but also for the ppl who are in abroad come back..
lets develop our country safeguard it so that it would help rest of the