Some Hidden Talents...

Saturday, January 29, 2011



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Born  in 476 CE in Kusumpur (Bihar), Aryabhatt's intellectual brilliance   remapped the boundaries of mathematics and astronomy. In 499 CE, at  the  age of 23, he wrote a text on astronomy and an unparallel treatise  on  mathematics called "Aryabhatiyam. " He formulated the process of   calculating the motion of planets and the time of eclipses. Aryabhatt   was the first to proclaim that the earth is round, it rotates on its   axis, orbits the sun and is suspended in space - 1000 years before   Copernicus published his heliocentric theory. He is also acknowledged   for calculating p (Pi) to four decimal places: 3.1416 and the sine table   in trigonometry. Centuries later, in 825 CE, the Arab mathematician,   Mohammed Ibna Musa credited the value of Pi to the Indians, "This value   has been given by the Hindus." And above all, his most spectacular   contribution was the concept of zero without which modern computer   technology would have been non-existent. Aryabhatt was a colossus in the   field of mathematics.


(1114-1183 CE)

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Born  in the obscure village of Vijjadit (Jalgaon) in Maharastra,   Bhaskaracharya' s work in Algebra, Arithmetic and Geometry catapulted   him to fame and immortality. His renowned mathematical works called   "Lilavati" and "Bijaganita" are considered to be unparalled and a   memorial to his profound intelligence. Its translation in several   languages of the world bear testimony to its eminence. In his treatise   "Siddhant Shiromani" he writes on planetary positions, eclipses,   cosmography, mathematical techniques and astronomical equipment. In the   "Surya Siddhant" he makes a note on the force of gravity: "Objects fall   on earth due to a force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the   earth, planets, constellations, moon, and sun are held in orbit due to   this attraction." Bhaskaracharya was the first to discover gravity, 500   years before Sir Isaac Newton. He was the champion among mathematicians   of ancient and medieval India. His works fired the imagination of   Persian and European scholars, who through research on his works earned   fame and popularity. 

(600 BCE)

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As  the founder of "Vaisheshik Darshan"- one of six principal  philosophies  of India - Acharya Kanad was a genius in philosophy. He is  believed to  have been born in Prabhas Kshetra near Dwarika in Gujarat.  He was the  pioneer expounder of realism, law of causation and the  atomic theory. He  has classified all the objects of creation into nine  elements, namely:  earth, water, light, wind, ether, time, space, mind  and soul. He says,  "Every object of creation is made of atoms which in  turn connect with  each other to form molecules." His statement ushered  in the Atomic  Theory for the first time ever in the world, nearly 2500  years before  John Dalton.. Kanad has also described the dimension and  motion of atoms  and their chemical reactions with each other. The  eminent historian,  T.N. Colebrook, has said, "Compared to the  scientists of Europe, Kanad  and other Indian scientists were the global  masters of this field." 


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He  was an extraordinary wizard of science born in the nondescript  village  of Baluka in Madhya Pradesh. His dedicated research for twelve  years  produced maiden discoveries and inventions in the faculties of  chemistry  and metallurgy. Textual masterpieces like "Ras Ratnakar,"  "Rashrudaya"  and "Rasendramangal" are his renowned contributions to the  science of  chemistry. Where the medieval alchemists of England failed,  Nagarjuna  had discovered the alchemy of transmuting base metals into  gold. As the  author of medical books like "Arogyamanjari" and  "Yogasar," he also made  significant contributions to the field of  curative medicine. Because of  his profound scholarliness and versatile  knowledge, he was appointed as  Chancellor of the famous University of  Nalanda. Nagarjuna's milestone  discoveries impress and astonish the  scientists of today.

(600 BCE)

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Acharya  Charak has been crowned as the Father of Medicine. His renowned  work,  the "Charak Samhita", is considered as an encyclopedia of  Ayurveda. His  principles, diagoneses, and cures retain their potency  and truth even  after a couple of millennia. When the science of anatomy  was confused  with different theories in Europe, Acharya Charak  revealed through his  innate genius and enquiries the facts on human  anatomy, embryology,  pharmacology, blood circulation and diseases like  diabetes,  tuberculosis, heart disease, etc. In the "Charak Samhita" he  has  described the medicinal qualities and functions of 100,000 herbal   plants. He has emphasized the influence of diet and activity on mind and   body. He has proved the correlation of spirituality and physical  health  contributed greatly to diagnostic and curative sciences. He has  also  prescribed and ethical charter for medical practitioners two  centuries  prior to the Hippocratic oath. Through his genius and  intuition, Acharya  Charak made landmark contributions to Ayurvedal. He  forever remains  etched in the annals of history as one of the greatest  and noblest of  rishi-scientists 

(600 BCE)

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A  genius who has been glowingly recognized in the annals of medical   science. Born to sage Vishwamitra, Acharya Sudhrut details the first   ever surgery procedures in "Sushrut Samhita," a unique encyclopedia of   surgery. He is venerated as the father of plastic surgery and the   science of anesthesia. When surgery was in its infancy in Europe,   Sushrut was performing Rhinoplasty (restoration of a damaged nose) and   other challenging operations. In the "Sushrut Samhita," he prescribes   treatment for twelve types of fractures and six types of dislocations.   His details on human embryology are simply amazing. Sushrut used 125   types of surgical instruments including scalpels, lancets, needles,   Cathers and rectal speculums; mostly designed from the jaws of animals   and birds. He has also described a number of stitching methods; the use   of horse's hair as thread and fibers of bark. In the "Sushrut Samhita,"   and fibers of bark. In the "Sushrut Samhita," he details 300 types of   operations. The ancient Indians were the pioneers in amputation,   caesarian and cranial surgeries. Acharya Sushrut was a giant in the   arena of medical science. 

(499-587 CE)

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renowned  astrologer and astronomer who was honored with a special  decoration and  status as one of the nine gems in the court of King  Vikramaditya in  Avanti (Ujjain). Varahamihir' s book "panchsiddhant"  holds a prominent  place in the realm of astronomy. He notes that the  moon and planets are  lustrous not because of their own light but due to  sunlight. In the  "Bruhad Samhita" and "Bruhad Jatak," he has revealed  his discoveries in  the domains of geography, constellation, science,  botany and animal  science. In his treatise on botanical science,  Varamihir presents cures  for various diseases afflicting plants and  trees. The rishi-scientist  survives through his unique contributions to  the science of astrology  and astronomy.

(800 BCE)
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Acharya Bharadwaj had a hermitage in  the holy city of Prayag and was an  ordent apostle of Ayurveda and  mechanical sciences. He authored the  "Yantra Sarvasva" which includes  astonishing and outstanding  discoveries in aviation science, space  science and flying machines. He  has described three categories of flying  machines: 1.) One that flies  on earth from one place to another. 2.)  One that travels from one  planet to another. 3.) And One that travels  from one universe to  another. His designs and descriptions have  impressed and amazed  aviation engineers of today. His brilliance in  aviation technology is  further reflected through techniques described by  him:
1.) Profound Secret: The technique to make a flying machine invisible through the application of sunlight and wind force.
2.) Living Secret: The technique to make an invisible space machine visible through the application of electrical force.
3.) Secret of Eavesdropping: The technique to listen to a conversation in another plane.
4.) Visual Secrets: The technique to see what's happening inside another plane.
Through his innovative and brilliant discoveries, Acharya Bharadwaj has been recognized as the pioneer of aviation technology. 

(3000 BCE)

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Celebrated as the founder of Sankhya philosophy,  Acharya Kapil is  believed to have been born in 3000 BCE to the  illustrious sage Kardam  and Devhuti. He gifted the world with the  Sankhya School of Thought.  His pioneering work threw light on the nature  and principles of the  ultimate Soul (Purusha), primal matter (Prakruti)  and creation. His  concept of transformation of energy and profound  commentaries on atma,  non-atma and the subtle elements of the cosmos  places him in an elite  class of master achievers - incomparable to the  discoveries of other  cosmologists. On his assertion that Prakruti, with  the inspiration of  Purusha, is the mother of cosmic creation and all  energies, he  contributed a new chapter in the science of cosmology.  Because of his  extrasensory observations and revelations on the secrets  of creation,  he is recognized and saluted as the Father of Cosmology.